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Dog skills training 2
Do you own a dog and want to teach them some basic skills? Whether it's house training your pup, teaching them how to sit, stay, or come, these lessons will help make your furry friend a well-behaved citizen!
This training is based on the dog's ability to pick up thrown objects.
Find a flat piece of grass in the field, place the electric toy rabbit in the distance, turn on the remote control and give the command "attention". Once the hypothetical prey, the toy rabbit, comes into view, you give the "hunt" command with your finger to the prey and the dog goes to retrieve the toy rabbit; if he can't find the toy rabbit for a while, you run and take him to retrieve the prey and then reward him.
Training also lets the dog familiar with the sound of gunfire, for timid dogs, can first play with firecrackers to it listen, whether it is the sound of firecrackers or gunfire that is far and near. Once the dog has adapted to the sound of the gun, you can move on to the next step of training. The hypothetical prey stained with the blood of the beast, let it smell, and then ask people with the hypothetical prey pre-hidden in the grass, when the dog is close to the prey will be thrown, you have to pull the trigger and fire a signal, pretend to shoot down the prey while giving the command "hunt". If the dog runs to the hypothetical prey back, it will be rewarded with a piece of wild meat. Note that the training should not let the dog take the initiative and tear the hypothetical prey.
Finally, take the dog to actual combat. Since hunting animals is the dog's nature, so the owner takes the dog out hunting, as long as it succeeds once, its hunting ability is formed.
2. Training of guide dogs
Choose a working German Shepherd who will faithfully act as the eyes of the blind, avoid pedestrians, vehicles and obstacles when going out, and adapt to daily life with the blind.
The "guide" training is based on the dog's having been trained in various movements and skills. The dog is first familiarized with the route the blind person must take each day, and the trainer takes him or her along the route several times, preferably before feeding, and feeds him or her only when he or she reaches the destination.
(1) Hold the leash in the left hand, hold a cane or stick in the right hand, give the dog the command "go", then walk behind the dog as far as possible, and pull the leash lightly to control its speed of travel. When the dog can walk at an even pace in front of the trainer, to say "good" in time.
(2) cross the road, first let the dog "stand", see if there is no vehicle passing near, and then make it "walk"; encounter cars or bicycles, immediately give the "stop" command, so that the dog stand or sit; wait until the dog is in the car. When you encounter a car or bicycle coming, immediately give the command "stop" to make the dog stand or sit; when the vehicle or pedestrian passes, then give the command "go" and continue to move forward, praising the dog as you go.
(3) When passing through an intersection with a signal, make the dog stand still and use your finger to point to the signal, commanding it to "pay attention", if it is a red light, let it stop immediately; if it is a green light, give the command "go". Repeated training to make the dog develop the habit of stopping at red lights and walking at green lights.
(4) When there is an obstacle on the road in front of you, the trainer should slow down, give the command "stop" tap the obstacle with the cane to get the dog's attention, and reward it if it stands still; if the dog tries to go around the obstacle and keep going, immediately encourage it to say "yes! ". In addition, on the training route, some obstacles can be intentionally set up to train the dog's ability to avoid or go around and pass, which is very important for the training of guide dogs.
(5) The training should also develop the dog's ability to resist outside temptations and successfully complete its own tasks. Ask someone to wait by the side of the road and toss the dog food when it comes over. When it is about to eat, the trainer should stop it in time.
Also, train the dog to lead the blind up and down the stairs, and pay attention to correct its habit of running up or down the stairs quickly.
(1) When going up the stairs, the trainer should first order the dog to "standstill" and then strike the first step with the cane, while giving the command "go".
(2) In each step, the trainer should stand first, while using the leash to control the dog to stop for a moment, until the stairs and then give it a reward, down the stairs is also the same training method.
During the training period, a blind master should be chosen for the dog so that they have a period of time to adapt to each other and the blind person can build a close partnership with the dog by feeding and petting it. As soon as the training is over, it will soon be in working condition as well.
This is a legendary skill, a good tracking dog can not only play hide-and-seek with you, in critical moments, but it can also help you find lost children, or in the rescue scene of a disaster to show their skills.
This amazing skill training is a bit complicated, but it is not as difficult as we think. The entire training can be done in a completely playful atmosphere so that your dog will become a master tracker while having fun. The training can be done in two steps, the first is to let the dog follow your trail scent according to your muzzle. After this step is completed, then let it learn to track the scent of others.
The first step is to take the dog to a quiet place tethered, tease the dog with items of interest, and when the dog jumps up and wants to hold the item, you leave it, walk out a distance of 30 to 50 meters in the direction of the wind, but the item on the ground and return along the original path to thicken the scent of the trail. Then take the dog to the beginning of the trail, point your finger and order it to "smell", then encourage it while guiding it along the trail to the end. When the dog finds an object on the ground and can take the initiative to pick it up, the dog should be promptly rewarded and the object should be picked up and thrown out again so that the dog can jump up and pick it up to increase its excitement.
After several training sessions, when the dog has the ability to sniff the trail, the teasing of the items can be canceled and the length of the trail can be gradually increased, also with some inflection. When the trail is extended to more than 200 meters, the dog may be tempted by other scents when tracking and chasing in other directions. At this point, you do not rush to pull the leash tight but wait for it to return to the trail, with the "good" muzzle praise. In addition, you can put one or two items on your body in the middle of the route as a reminder, so that the dog does not deviate from the trail route.
Next, you need to further consolidate the dog's tracking ability, so that it can search for the scent and continue to track according to the command when the scent of the trail is interrupted.
In the first step of training, the following points should be noted.
(1) If your dog is interested in the tracking game, you don't need to tease it too much with objects; while for the dog who doesn't like this game much, you can tease it more with objects to stimulate its interest.
(2) Flexibly manipulate the leash according to the dog's reaction. If the dog seems to be very excited, put the leash longer to play with its independent tracking ability; when it shows a look of not being able to find the north, pull the leash and give it some hints appropriately.
(3) When training, we should carefully observe and grasp the changes in the dog's reaction, so as to lay a good foundation for the next step of training to track the scent of others.
The second step is to train the dog to track other people.
You can let the children at home participate in this game. First, let the child walk out about 100 meters to hide, then tease the dog with objects on the child to make the dog excited, and then throw the objects near the child's hiding place. You lead the dog to the child's trail, let it sniff the trail scent, and then let it follow the child's trail. As long as the dog can sniff as it walks and behave carefully, pet it and praise it; if it is too distracted to follow the trail, guide it to follow it.
When the dog finds the child's object, it can take the initiative to pick it up and give it a reward immediately and let it move freely for a while. As the number of training increases, the method of teasing with objects can be gradually eliminated, allowing the dog to track according to the scent of the tracks without knowing the direction in which the child is hiding. In the early stage of training, the task assigned to it should not be too difficult. If the dog can follow the scent of the tracks and track more than 2 km to find the child, it means that it has the basic tracking ability. At this point, you can remove the leash, so that the dog is not bound by the rope and is free to track, to develop its ability to track in complex terrain.
The second step of training should pay attention to two points.
(1) In order to prevent the dog from running too fast after the leash is removed, it is necessary to make it form a conditioned reflex to the "slow" command before this. You can also combine off-leash and leash tracking training.
(2) When tracking the trail with a leash, do not deliberately pull it with the rope at the end of the trail, and try to let the dog independently identify the direction according to the scent. Only when the dog is lost, you can give it some hints.